Your brain is an amazingly brilliant entity. Getting an idea how your brain works will greatly enhance your learning experience and will give you insights on how different parts of your brain operate when learning different things.

Watch this video to get a glimpse of what the brain is composed of and how it operates:

How the Brain Works09:06

How the Brain Works

Let's talk about a very important feature in our brain: the focused mode and the diffuse mode.

The focused mode, from its name, is the mode your brain is switched on when you are attentively conscious of something. When you focus on something, there is some kind of an octopus that helps you make connections between your brain neurons that hold different parts of the information you are trying to learn. When you focus on something you are trying to learn repeating and practising it through time, these connections between your neurons strengthen, making it easy for you to recall and understand.

The diffuse mode, on the other hand, is the mode when your brain is left to wander aimlessly. Your subconscious starts making connections between your neurons while you are not aware of it. Did you ever sleep one night stuck on a math problem and wake up the other day knowing the solution? This is the working of your diffuse mode.

Alternating between your focused mode and diffuse mode is a key technique to enhance your learning. In other sections you will be introduced to techniques that will help you get a grasp of how to switch between those two modes.


- Dr. Terrence Sejnowski, Dr. Barbara Oakley (2014). "Learning How to Learn: Powerful mental tools to help you master tough subjects." Coursera.

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